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SATAT (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) initiative on Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) was launched to promote production of CBG or Biomethane in India. SATAT aims to produce 15 Million Metric Tons (MMT) of CBG and 50 MMT of Fermented Organic Manure (FOM). . This initiative is spearheaded by Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IndianOil) along with its Oil & Gas fraternity in India as a platform business model for entrepreneurs to produce CBG. SATAT not only offers a sustainable fuel substitute for vehicles but also tackles significant environmental and waste management issues. The production of CBG from paddy straw is an example of an anaerobic digestion (AD) process that creates a closed-loop system with a low usage of virgin resources. This method uses anaerobic digestion to produce biogas from paddy straw, an agricultural leftover that is typically burned after harvestBy preventing open burning of paddy straw and turning it into CBG, AD reduces dangerous air pollution while simultaneously offering a sustainable energy source. The nutrient-rich digestate, which is a byproduct of the AD process, can also be used as organic fertilizer to finish the closed loop cycle by replenishing the soil with necessary nutrients. This example shows how AD activities support resource efficiency, renewable energy production, and sustainable waste management- all of which are in line with the circular economy and net zero principles, especially when they are applied to agricultural wastes like paddy straw. 

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